March 07, 2021
Traditional project management focuses on detailed upfront planning, while Scrum focuses on rapid value delivery.
Traditional project management emphasizes detailed up-front project planning, with emphasis on defining scope, cost and schedule, and managing those parameters. Whereas Scrum encourages data-driven, iterative decision making in which the primary focus is on delivering products that satisfy customer requirements.
To deliver the most amount of value in the shortest possible time, Scrum promotes prioritization and Time-boxing over setting the scope, cost and schedule of a project. An important feature of Scrum is self-organization, which allows individuals who are actually doing the work to estimate and take ownership of tasks.
The following table summarizes many of the differences between Scrum and traditional project management:
|Parameters||Scrum||Traditional Project Management|
|Emphasis is on||People||Processes|
|Documentation||Minimal - only as required||Comprehensive|
|Prioritization of Requirements||Based on business value and regularly updated||Fixed in the Project Plan|
|Quality assurance||Customer centric||Process centric|
|Change||Updates to Productized Product Backlog||Formal Change Management System|
|Leadership||Collaborative, Servant Leadership||Command and control|
|Performance measurement||Business value||Plan conformity|
|Return on Investment||Early/throughout project life||End of project life|
|Customer involvement||High throughout the project||Varies depending on the project lifecycle|